The term anal fissure refers to a tear that occurs in the opening of the anus. Fissures are common in people of all ages, although the risk of developing an anal fissure often decreases as we age.

The most common signs and symptoms of an anal fissure are pain and bleeding from the anus. Other signs include:

  • Constipation
  • Visible tears or cracks near the anus
  • Burning of the anus
  • Itching of the anus
  • Discharge from the anus

In order to diagnose an anal fissure, doctors first perform a visual inspection of the area. If a fissure is suspected but unseen by a visual examination, the doctor may use a small tube to inspect the anal canal. 

To find out more about diagnosis and treatment from a fissure surgeon in Los Angeles, contact the Fissure and Fistula Center of Excellence today. Our number is 888.512.2312. 

Causes of Anal Fissures

A number of things can potentially cause anal fissures to develop. These include:

  • Hard stools and constipation
  • Chronic diarrhea
  • Childbirth
  • Inflammation of the anus caused by inflammatory bowel disease

Less common causes include conditions such as anal cancer, syphilis, herpes, and HIV.

Fissure Surgeon Los Angeles

While many anal fissures heal on their own within a few weeks, there are things patients can do to help this process along. Keeping stool soft when you have an anal fissure is essential. This can be done by increasing consumption of fiber and liquid. Soaking in warm water can also help. 

If the fissure does not heal on its own, patients may need to consider other treatments. Nonsurgical options include steroid creams, blood pressure medication, and Botox injections. In severe cases, surgery may be necessary. Fissure surgery typically involves cutting a small part of the sphincter muscle. The goal of this is to reduce spasms and allow for healing.

Next, read about anal fistula Beverly Hills.